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Title : Five Year plans of India
Published By : jeeva
Posted on: 24 - October - 2012
Edited on: 24 - October - 2012
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The economy of India is based in part on planning through its five-year plans, which are developed, executed and monitored by the Planning Commission. The Prime Minister of India is the Chairman of Planning Commission of India.

Eleventh planning commission:

Chairman of planning commission:                           Dr. Manmohan Singh

Deputy-chairman of planning commission:                Montek Singh Ahuwalia

Members of planning commission:                           28 State Chief Ministers of India.

It is a non-statutory body.


Green Revolution:

The introduction of high-yielding varieties of seeds after 1965 and the increased use of fertilizers and irrigation are known collectively as the Green Revolution.

M.S.Swaminathan had contributed towards the success of green revolution.


Operation Flood:

               Operation Flood was a rural development programme started by India's National Dairy Development Board (NDDB) in 1970. It resulted in making India the largest producer of milk and milk products, and hence is also called the White Revolution of India.

Dr. Verghese Kurien had contributed towards the success of White revolution.


S. No.



Prime Minister



Eleventh Five Year Plan

2007 - 12

Dr. Manmohan Singh

Income & Poverty, Education, Health, Infrastructure and Environment.


Tenth Five Year Plan

2002 - 07

Dr. Manmohan Singh

Attain 8% GDP growth per year.

Reduction of poverty ratio by 5 percentage points by 2007.

Reduction in gender gaps


Ninth Five Year Plan

1997 - 02

I.K. Gujral, then

A.B. Vajpayee

Agricultural sector, employment opportunities and promote poverty reduction, to ensure food and nutritional security, basic Infrastructure, women improvement

Target growth rate 6.5 per cent, the growth rate was 5.35 per cent.


Eighth Five Year Plan

1992 - 97

P.V. Narasimha Rao, then H.D. Deva Gowda

Controlling population growth, poverty reduction, employment generation, strengthening the infrastructure, Institutional building, tourism management, Human Resource development

An average annual growth rate of 6.78% against the target 5.6% was achieved.


Seventh Five Year Plan

1985 - 90

Rajiv Gandhi, then

V.P. Singh

Agricultural development, Anti-poverty programs, Social Justice, Increasing productivity of small and large scale farmers,Full supply of food, clothing, and shelter.

Target Growth: 5.0% Actual Growth: 6.01%


Sixth Five Year Plan

1980 - 85

Indira Gandhi

Family Planning concept introduced.

Target Growth: 5.2% Actual Growth: 5.66%


Fifth Five Year Plan

1974 - 79

Indira Gandhi, then Morarji Desai

The Indian national highway system was introduced. Improve the Tourism Industry.

Target Growth: 4.4% Actual Growth: 4.8%


Fourth Five Year Plan

1969 - 74

Indira Gandhi

Government nationalised 14 major Indian banks and the Green Revolution in India.

Target Growth: 5.7% Actual Growth: 3.30%


Third Five Year Plan

1961 - 66

Jawaharlal Nehru, then

Lal Bahadur Shastri

The Panchayat Organization was formed. School, State electricity boards and state secondary education boards were formed.

In 1965-1966, India fought a war with Pakistan. The war led to inflation and the priority was shifted to price stabilization.

The achieved growth rate was 2.84 percent


Second Five Year Plan

1956 - 61

Jawaharlal Nehru

Mining and industry, Community and agriculture development, Power and irrigation, Social services, Communications and transport, development of the public sector.

Target Growth: 4.5% Actual Growth: 4.27%


First Five Year Plan

1951 - 56

Jawaharlal Nehru

The segregation, Industrial sector, Energy, Irrigation, Transport, Communications, Land Rehabilitations, Social service, Development of Agri & community

The target growth rate was 2.1%


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